The macOS is a better operating system as compared to others like Windows, Linux-based derivatives, Debian Ubuntu & GNU, or Linux. The Unix-based OS which is developed by Apple Inc has gained so much popularity because of its effective marketing & business strategies some disadvantages make Mac operating system not a competent alternative to Windows.
History of Mac OS
The desktop operating system like macOS is used in Apple products like iMacs & MacBooks. This operating system was launched in 2001 and named it MacOS X. The history of MacOS is as follows.
macOS has been known for several years due to its simplicity, security, different accessibility options, advanced technologies, and many more. This operating system has been used in different Apple products so that every user can easily use and navigate.
OS X or macOS has turned into a brand for both Apple and Mac devices. After a few days, the Apple operating system was launched, which is known as iOS. So the growth of OS X from 2001 to current versions in 2020 like macOS, there are different versions has been released.
What is the Macintosh Operating System?
The Mac OS or Macintosh Operating System was designed by Apple Inc. It was introduced in 1984 and it is a GUI (graphical user interface) based operating system. The Mac operating system was called System Software.
macOS is used to power every Mac. It allows you to do things which we cannot do with other personal computers because it was designed with particular hardware. This OS comes with different beautiful apps and it works with iCloud to store documents, photos up to date on your device like iPhone & other Apple products. This operating system is designed with privacy and security policies.
MAC OS Versions
There are different MAC OS versions available which include the following.
- Kodiak (OS X 10 beta) version was launched on 13th September, in the year 2000.
- The cheetah (OS X 10.0) version was launched on 24th March, in the year 2001.
- Puma (OS X 10.1) version was launched on 25th September, in the year 200.
- Jaguar (OS X 10.2) version was launched on 24th August, in the year 2002.
- Panther (Pinot) like OS X 10.3 version was launched on 24the October, in the year 2003.
- Tiger (Merlot) like OS X 10.4 & Tiger (Chardonnay) like OS X 10.4.4 versions were launched on 29th April, in the year 2005.
- Leopard (Chablis) like OS X 10.5 version was launched on 26th October, in the year 2007.
- Snow Leopard (OS X 10.6) version was launched on-28th August, in the year 2009.
- Lion (Barolo) like OS X 10.7 version was launched on 20th July, in the year 2011.
- Mountain Lion (Zinfandel) like OS X 10.8 version was launched on 25th July in the year 2012.
- Mavericks (Cabernet) like OS X 10.9 version was launched on 22nd October, in the year 2013.
- Yosemite (Syrah) like OS X 10.10 version was launched on 16th October, in the year 2014.
- El Capitan (Gala) like OS X 10.11 version was launched on 30th September, in the year 2015.
- Sierra (Fuji) like macOS 10.12 version was launched on 20th September, in the year 2016.
- High Sierra (Lobo) like macOS 10.13 version was launched on 25th September in the year 2017.
- Mojave (Liberty) like macOS 10.14 version was launched on 24th September in the year 2018.
- The Catalina (Jazz) like macOS 10.15 version was launched on 7th October, in the year 2019.
- Big Sur like macOS 11 version was launched on 12th November, in the year 2020.
- The Monterey-like macOS 12 version was launched on 25th October, in the year 2021.
Advantages of Mac OS
The advantages of Mac OS include the following.
- The user interface is Streamlined without compromising its functions
- Operating system & hardware integration is consistent
- Less security and malware issues
- Integration can be done through other Apple devices like iOS devices
- Multitasking feature
- Bundled through various free productivity applications
- Customer support is good
- Same graphical user interface for all the devices
- Long life
- Good performance
- Default apps
- Support FAT & NTFS
- Can run Windows
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Disadvantages of Mac OS
The disadvantages of Mac OS include the following.
- It is expensive
- It supports fewer games & software
- There is no customization for hardware
- macOS file system cannot be read by Window
- Less hardware used
- Mac-based products are very expensive
- Options are limited
- Hardware upgrading has the flexibility
Thus, macOS or Macintosh Operating Systems are developed by an Apple company. By using this OS, Apple Inc makes various products like Apple TV, smartphones, tablet, smartwatch, Macbook Pro, iMac, etc. Apple Inc. develops both hardware & software for its products.
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