National Engineers Day – 15th Sep

National Engineer’s day in India is commonly celebrated on the 15th of September every year in the remembrance of India’s prolific civil engineer named Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. He was born on 15th September 1861 in the place named Muddenahalli near Chikkaballapur. He completed his graduation in Bachelor of Arts from the Mysore University and he was also well known for topping the Pune College of Engineering due to his good performance in studies he was directly recruited by Government of Mumbai without any interview required and was hired on the designation as Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department. He contributed in India’s development as a civil engineer, great economist, dam manufacturer, and a statesman. He was given the responsibility to build the of Krishna Raja Sagar dam in Mysore and was also assigned with the responsibility as a chief architect of a flood defense system for Hyderabad which later provided fame to him as heuristic personality.

National Engineers Day - 15th Sep

Due to his immense contributions in various fields for the society he was awarded with “Bharat Ratna” by Government of India in the year of 1955. M.Visvesvaraya also served as the 19th Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was also awarded with the British knighthood by King George V for his significant contribution and was gifted to be called with honor as ‘Sir’. Hence this is the reason his birthday is counted as National Engineer’s Day to reward the hard work of Engineer’s all over the country. His greatest contribution was that he transformed the whole of Mysore state into a ‘model state’ with the finest facilities provided within state. 

Sir Visvesvaraya was well known for his great contribution in the field of protecting and utilizing water resources, he also was responsible for building multiple dams across India and thus helping Indian economy to boost up with his engineering skills.

Major Projects:

Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Projects
He designed and carried out the waterworks for the Municipality of Sukkur in 1895. He is credited with the development of the block system which would prevent the wasteful flow of water in dams.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Projects
When the Visakhapatnam Port was in danger of being eroded from the sea, Visvesvaraya with his High Intelligence and Capabilities came up with a Good Solution to solve this issue.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Projects 02
During the decade of the 1900s, Hyderabad City was reeling under the threats of the flood.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Projects
He served as the Chief Engineer for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara lake and dam in 1924 across river Kaveri in Mandya district near Mysore in Karnataka.

Awards Received:

Awards Given By Year
Kaisar-i-Hind Recognition of his services 1906
C.I.E. (Companion of the Indian Empire) The Delhi Durbar 1911
K.C.I.E Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire 1915
D.Sc. Calcutta University 1921
LLD Bombay University 1931
D.Litt Benaras Hindu University (BHU) 1937
Elected as an Honorary Life Member of the Institution of Engineers India 1943
D.Sc. Allahabad 1944
Doctorate – LLD. Mysore University 1948
D.Litt Andhra University 1953
Awarded the Honorary Fellowship of the Institute of Town Planners India 1953
Conferred BHARATHARATNA The highest distinction of the country 1955
Durga Prasad Khaitan Memorial Gold Medal The Royal Asiatic Society Council of Bengal 1958
D.Sc. Jadhavpur University Calcutta 1959
Fellowship of the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 1959

Special thanks to the family of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya and the Visvesvaraya National Memorial Trust for their partnerships on this project. Satish Mokshagundam, President of the Trust, shares his thoughts on Sir MV’s life and legacy.

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